PREVENTION & MITIGATION MEASURESPRE Earthquake
18. The area around the principal deep seated faults, where the intensity of the earthquake could be 6.0 plus on the Richter scale, shall be identified, and a special plan of action for mitigation of damage shall be prepared and approved by the State Government for implementation according to a specific time schedule.
19. The buildings in the area of principal deep seated faults shall be constructed by using earthquake resistant construction material and technology. The specifications shall be laid down by the State government and shall be notified and given wide publicity in the area. The Disaster Management Institute shall prepare these specifications.
20. A review of the available technology on this subject shall be done every year by the State Public Works, Urban Administration and Housing Departments along with Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO), the Central Building Research Institute ( CBRI ) and other technical agencies. Based on these recommendations, specifications shall be revised and circulated to all agencies responsible for approval of building plans and issue of completion certificate. A report on this subject will be placed before the State level ministerial and official committees. The Housing Department shall be the nodal department for this purpose and will be responsible for preparation and placing of this report before the committee.
21. All existing buildings in the area of principal deep seated faults shall be retrofitted in a period of time specified by the State government, and a fresh completion certificate shall be obtained from the competent authority certifying that the building has been thus retrofitted .
22. The government shall take a lead in these areas and will get its own buildings retrofitted in a period of three years time to set an example for the owners of private houses and buildings.
23. Failure to retrofit buildings during the period prescribed by the State government should lead to its demolition. In no circumstances should this period be extended.
24. Agencies/persons authorized to issue completion certificates will be personally liable for any lapse in the compliance of specifications and instructions, even after they cease to hold the office. Concerned departments will incorporate provisions in their Codes/Rules/Act for fixing responsibility and of penel provisions.
25. To facilitate retrofitting of the private buildings, financial institutions shall be approached to provide short to medium term loans to enable the owners to make the buildings earthquake secure. The GOI shall also be requested to include it as a priority area for the purposes of lending by financial institutions.
26. Insurance of buildings and other assets in the area of principal deep seated faults shall be encouraged. Insurance companies shall be persuaded to develop special schemes for these areas which may provide for payment of premia for longer periods with suitable in-built rebates along with the annual system of insurance and payment of premium. Buildings used by large numbers of persons at the same time e.g. cinema-halls, will be compulsorily insured. Concerned departments will incorporate necessary provisions in the respective Rules/Acts/Codes for this purpose.
27. No financial assistance shall be given to a person who has failed to insure his building, and other assets in the area of faults, within the prescribed period, when an earthquake or any other natural calamity occurs, as it puts additional burden on the state exchequer, and increases dependence on the government. However, he shall be entitled to the normal relief and assistance as are given to non-property owners.
28. In the other moderate and low risk zones, a similar approach will be adopted to reduce the adverse impact - i.e. nullify or at least minimize loss of life and property.
29. Areas prone to frequent inundation by floods shall be identified in each district and clearly demarcated indicating the highest point of flood water.
30. A detailed survey of the flood prone area shall be undertaken to identify the causes of frequent flooding, by a multi-disciplinary team, comprising of officers of the Irrigation, Revenue, Forest and Agriculture Departments. This team will study the area and recommend structural and non-structural measures to prevent flooding in the identified area. In case prevention is not possible, the team will recommend movement of the habitations to safer places. Such vacated areas could be considered for afforestation and related activities. The assistance of the National Remote Sensing Agency ( NRSA ) may be taken for this purpose.
31. Where floods are caused due to deforestation, siltation and consequential change in the course of the rivers, streams and rivulets, suitable remedial measures shall be undertaken. An action plan shall be prepared for this purpose by the concerned departments.
32. The plan shall be a part of the district plan duly deliberated and approved by the DPC. In case the area extends to more than one district, the plan will be prepared and executed at the state level.
33. The financing of the plan may be done by the funds made available under the various center and state plan schemes of rural and urban development departments. The Water Resources Department will prepare and fund Flood Control schemes.
34. Land use planning will discourage economic activity of permanent nature in this area.
35. There shall be ban on construction of houses and hutments in areas identified as flood prone.
36. Where houses and hutments already exist in frequently inundated areas, the owners and occupiers shall be encouraged to move to safer places under a time bound plan. Depending upon the availability of alternative land, free house sites and financial assistance may be provided as incentives, since there will be loss of property for those who move out.
37. The action plan for mitigation of the impact of floods will, in some measure, helps in reducing the misery caused by droughts in the areas affected by floods .
38. In normal and adequate rainfall areas, droughts are caused due to failure of rains or their improper dispersal and their improper spacing. Conservation of water through a strategy of watershed development programmes shall receive the highest priority in all the areas, identified as drought prone.
39. A system of advance warning about the extent and dispersal of rainfall with the help of meteorologists based on available scientific knowledge shall be developed and the information so gathered shall be disseminated to rural areas and the farmers.
40. Based on the forecast, farmers will be encouraged to adopt the cropping pattern, which could be supported by the existing and likely soil moisture conditions.
41. In chronic scanty rainfall areas, a cropping pattern which could be Supported by the soil moisture conditions will be evolved and stabilized. The cropping pattern so developed should not draw on the available ground water in these areas.
42. Regulation of ground water shall be introduced and enforced. Apart from dispersal of deep and shallow tube wells and dug wells, on a scientific basis, keeping in view the available technological data, sinking of tube wells may not be permitted beyond a certain depth. This would ensure availability of water during times of water scarcity.
43. The use of water shall be prioritized, and availability of water for drinking purpose and domestic use shall have the highest priority. To attain this objective, the use of flowing water in rivers, streams, rivulets and ponds shall be suitably regulated and it will be ensured that it is not used for the purpose of irrigation, industrial and commercial activities without first meeting the domestic requirement in times of scanty rainfall and water scarcity.
44. Desiltation and restoration of village ponds, tanks, streams, rivulets and other water bodies shall be undertaken after village wise surveys. Inter se priority for taking up these works shall be fixed by the DPC, taking into account the position of village specific water scarcity.
45. Grazing land and other common property resources are in a state of decay and are devoid of any green cover. Fodder for the animals is a big problem at the time of droughts. A combination of pasture development and afforestation programme shall be undertaken for providing fodder during the normal and drought years and for ensuring soil and water conservation.
46. Employment oriented income generation programs are required to be under taken to alleviate the distress and provide support to the rural population in times of drought. A list of such programmes shall be prepared and kept ready before the onset of monsoon in every district every year, based on the priority laid down by the State government. The immediate priority is drought-proofing measures like digging of tanks recharging of existing water sources etc. for water conservation. Once this work is complete, the state government will indicate other priorities.
47. Arrangements for availability of food, fodder and water for animals at convenient locations shall be done, and for this purpose suitable places shall be identified.
48. Hailstorms occur rather frequently in M.P., but fortunately mostly in small pockets at a time. They happen in one or another part of M.P. almost every year. They damage the crops resulting in loss of income to the farmers. To mitigate the loss, farmers will be encouraged to rely on comprehensive crop insurance policies.
49. Accidental fires are common in rural areas especially during the post harvest season. Systemic study of the causes of the fire shall be undertaken. Suitable measures shall be taken to prevent them and to reduce their impact in terms of loss of life and property.
50. In urban areas, fires are increasing phenomena in high rise buildings, and in industrial and commercial areas. Building laws shall be reviewed to ensure provision of adequate safety measures at the time of construction of buildings not only for prevention but also for facilitating rescue operations.
51. Public places such as cinema halls, auditoriums, exhibition areas, pandals, schools etc. have, in recent years, witnessed serious fires resulting in huge loss of human life and property. Adequate measures shall be taken to prevent such accidents by enforcing the concerned lows strictly.
52. Adequate measures will be taken to prevent forest and mine fires and to mitigate the losses resulting there from.
53. A foolproof plan of action will be developed to prevent fires due to petrol and aviation fuel.
Industrial & Chemical Disasters
54. The deleterious impact of various types of industries and chemical substances on the ecology and environment in general, and on the health of humans and animals shall be studied and documented. All such industries shall be established at a safe distance from human habitations. Land use planning shall ensure that no human habitations are allowed near such units. A phased plan of action for removing harmful and dangerous industries/factories which, at present, are located within the towns to remote areas away from habitations will be implemented. Land use scheme will be such as to strictly prohibit the establishment of such industry near any habitation. To protect environment and ensure industrial safety existing industrial safety laws will be strictly enforced. The effectiveness and adequacy of all such laws will be reviewed. The Labour Department is entrusted with the responsibility to enforce laws relating to industry related health safety and industrial security.
55. The unit shall identify and publicize the adverse effect of such hazardous substances as may be in use, or may be emitted as affluent, and the precautions that need to be taken by the population living in that area in the eventuality of any leakage or accident.
56. The unit shall take all necessary precautionary measures to mitigate the adverse impact on the on and off site population. Each industry will be encouraged to build up a permanent fund for meeting expenditure on industrial accidents, for onsite population particularly.
57. The officials of the Industries Directorate will ensure that the required safety measures are taken by each such unit on and off site.
58. Increase in traffic - rail and road - without adequate safeguards and safety measures results in accidents. The standards of safety on roads will be improved and their compliance shall be more stringent.
59. Unmanned railway crossings are a big hazard for the movement of various types of traffic, and are often the site of major rail-road accidents. Effort shall be made to persuade the railways to man these railway crossings in a phased manner.
60. Gradients of new roads shall be designed in such a way that steep and blind curves are avoided as much as possible.
61. Proper road signs shall be placed on both sides of the road to warn the moving traffic of the road position, important public installations and buildings and the dangers ahead. Distracting hoardings of products and services shall be avoided and removed.
62. Prescribed speed regulations shall be strictly enforced and stringent fines will be imposed on the violators to ensure compliance. Prevention of traffic plying on lowlying roads and bridges during rains needs to be ensured. Barriers will fall automatically when water rises above danger level on such roads & bridges have to be installed throughout the state in a phased fashion. Regulations have to be formulated/enforced to prevent the construction of shops and buildings near and along the highways for traffic safety and for preventing accidents. Highway patrolling checkposts have to be established at stipulated distances.
63. Health department of the state shall list those diseases, which can take the form of epidemics. It shall also prepare plans for action for handling epidemics of diseases so listed by it.